Carnelian

Carnelian. Source: book “Drahé kameny” by Jiří Zimák, Vydavatelství Univerzity Palackého v Olomouci, 2008

Karneol - náhrdelník Chisties

Necklace made of carnelian and gold, Egyptian New Kingdom (dynasty XVIII-XIX, 1550-1196 BC). Source: http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot/a-new-kingdom-gold-and-carnelian-dynasty-1520017-details.aspx?from=salesummary&pos=76&intObjectID=1520017&sid=c6acf991-bb41-40c3-b18b-f99f21742c43

Belonging among general gemstones, carnelian (also cornelian) is a translucent variety of chalcedony in various shades of red and orange (when exposed to sunshine, it gradually turns brown). The color is caused by admixture of hematite stone and gave carnelian its name deriving from Latin “carneus” (from “caro”) – meat, muscle; another possible explanation of the name origin comes from color of fruits of dogwood (or „cornelian cherry“, Cornus mas in Latin). Deposits are all over the world, even in the Czech Republic. Recently there has been lack of natural carnelian so artificially dyed agate is often used as a substitute. Since ancient times, carnelian was mined in Turkey and India, it was one of the most popular gemstones in ancient Egypt, its use is evidenced for at least 4000 years in many cultures mainly from the Mediterranean (use for amulets and talismans, signet rings (allegedly Mohammed or Napoleon had one each) and seals etc.). It was often associated with blood, carnelian has been attributed to a range of protective and healing functions. In the Czech Republic, there was an archealogical finding of carnelian beads (Libice nad Cidlinou, 9th century); or there was a finding of antique carnelian gem in grave on territory of Great Moravia with god Mercury on one side and the human figure on the other one; in 16th-17th century, this stone was used to produce eg. goblets by Miseroni family in Prague, from 18th century it had wide decorative use as a precious stone.

Karneol - Drakkaria šperk

Carnelian pendant. Source: http://www.wulflund.com/jewelry/fantasy-jewels/cornelian—big-stone-pendant.html/

Karneol - Wikipedia 1

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carnelian_sard_(mineral_specimen).jpg

Karneol - Wikipedia 2

Carnelian intaglio with a Ptolemaic queen holding a sceptre, early 1st century BC. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carnelian_intaglio_Prolemaic_queen_CdM_Paris.jpg, Source/Photographer: Marie-Lan Nguyen (User: Jastrow), 2008-04-11

Karneol - neoasyrský amulet Christies

A NEO-ASSYRIAN CARNELIAN LAMASHTU AMULET, CIRCA 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. (3,5 cm long) with demon Lamashtu standing in a boat; the other side with inscription “Lamashtu, daughter of An, chosen by the gods, lady, most noble of ladies”. Source: http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/ancient-art-antiquities/a-neo-assyrian-carnelian-lamashtu-amulet-circa-8th-7th-5385524-details.aspx

Karneol - Drakkaria náramek

Bracelet with carnelian stone. Source: http://www.wulflund.com/jewelry/crowns-and-tiaras/snake-brass-bracelet-carnelian.html/

Karneol - egyptská kočka

Golden ring with carnelian cat, Egypt, 1070-712 BC, British museum. Source: http://carolgearing.com/tag/gold-cat-ring/

26.7.1340

Egypt, Carved Plaque. New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1390–1352 B.C., size 4,3 x 6,5 cm. Source: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/544496

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